Try a few editors from the list below and decide which one looks OK. We hardly ever use word processors on our system (Star Office is the only one, very large and slow). You will almost always have to deal with ordinary text files. Becoming familiar with at least one full-featured editor is a must.
I'm assuming you've figured out how to use X-windows and a Web browser. The X-windows GUI has many tricks which you should learn, and can be customized to a very large degree. Just like with an editor, you'll be forever miserable if you don't get comfortable with the screen environment.
Sooner or later you will want to learn TeX so you won't have to pay a typist to produce your dissertation in it! Yes, it is possible to produce mathematical documents with Word and an equation editor; but it is unlikely that your formatting will be readily accepted by the Graduate School. Plus, TeX is the standard in nearly all Math departments, and among many physicists. Look at the introduction to TeX to see what's involved.
Command | Description |
vi, pico, ce, emacs | text editors |
maple | Maple V |
math | Mathematica (selected machines, ask before using) |
matlab | Matlab |
gcc, g++ | C and C++ compilers |
g77 | GNU Fortran compiler |
f77 | Fortran compiler (on some machines only; use g77 if possible) |
pc | Pascal compiler (only on old machines; let me know if you need it) |
dbx, gdbx | symbolic debuggers |
tex, latex | typesetting system |
elm, mutt, pine, mail | electronic mail (mutt is recommended) |
trn | Usenet news |
lynx | command line Web browser |
Command | Description |
xedit, nedit, gnp | text editors |
xmaple | interface to Maple V |
mathematica | Mathematica notebook interface |
xdbx, xxgdbx | interface to the debuggers |
xdvi | dvi file previewer |
ghostview | PostScript viewer |
xv | viewer for various graphics files |
xfig | drawing program |
tkrat | modern but simple mailer |
xmail | interface to e-mail (old, not recommended) |
mozilla, firefox | World Wide Web browsers (use mozilla on older machines, firefox on newer ones) |
xrn | interface to Usenet news |